The materials used to examine Mark Shull’s behavior were obtained from a variety of sources:

  • Public Facebook posts made on his account (Shull, 2019-2021)
  • Videos of Clackamas County Board of Commissioners meetings (Clackamas County, 2020-2021)
  • Emails obtained through a public records request
  • Videos released by several sources on YouTube and Facebook

As explained below, these materials were analyzed through a lens of whether they illustrated racist or hateful behavior. They were examined for racist or hateful behaviors and ideologies (Obear, 2020) (University of Minnesota School of Public Health, n.d.) and examples are presented.